Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is athersclerosis of the arteries outside of the heart and brain. Most commonly affected arteries include that of the legs and pelvis. PAD becomes more common as we age. PAD places an individual at 4-5 times higher risk of stroke or heart attack (American Heart Association, 2009).
Symptoms associated with PAD include:
Cramping, pain, or tiredness in the leg o
The mitral valve lies between the left atrium (top chamber) and left ventricle (bottom chamber) of the heart. Mitral valve prolapse occurs when the either one or both of the cusps of the mitral valve do not close properly and penetrate back into the top chamber of the heart. This results in some leakage back into the top chamber of the heart. Often times a murmur can be heard by your provider. The
Cardiomyopathy is a disorder in which the heart muscle is affected and results in the heart working less efficiently. It may be a result of multiple causes. The 3 main types of cardiomyopathy include:
Dilated Cardiomyopathy: The heart muscle stretches, weakening the hearts pumping function. This can lead to heart failure and possibly abnormal heart rhythms. At times it may also lead to formation
Infective endocarditis (IE), also called bacterial endocarditis (BE), is an infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel. IE is uncommon, but people with some heart conditions have a greater risk of developing it.
Dental Procedures and Infective Endocarditis
In the past, patients with nearly every type of congenital hear
High Blood pressure (also known as hypertension) is a blood pressure of greater than 140 systolic and/or 90 diastolic (or 140/90). Hypertension places an individual at greater risk for heart disease and stroke. It is extremely important to control your blood pressure. This can be done with weight loss, diet, and medications as well as treatment of other conditions such as sleep apnea and blockage
Hyperlipidemia is an elevation of cholesterol and/or triglycerides. Elevated cholesterol places a person at a higher risk for coronary artery disease and stroke. Cholesterol comes from both your body and the foods you eat. Your LDL (or bad cholesterol) is extremely important to control as it can place a person at higher risk for coronary artery disease, heart attack, or stroke. Your HDL (or good c
Atrial Fibrillation is an irregularly heart rhythm in which the top chambers of the heart (atrium) quiver instead of giving a regular, strong pump. This results in the atrium not emptying properly, thus allowing blood to possibly clot within the chamber. This places a person at higher risk for stroke as the clot may dislodge to go to the brain. Atrial fibrillation is also associated with rapid and
Tobacco Use and Cessation Education:
After 2 weeks of quitting you begin to increase your lung function, making it easier to breath.
Quitting smoking decreases risk of heart attack, stroke, bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer.
When YOU quit tobacco…
Physical benefits of smoking cessation - within 20 minutes of last cigarette
20 minutes Blood pressure and p
Diabetes is a disorder in which the body can’t produce or use insulin, which can elevate blood sugar. There are two types of Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is the result of the body’s inability to produce insulin. Type 2 is the result of the body not making enough insulin or not being able to use the insulin effectively. Diabetes places an individual at higher risk for heart disease and k
If you have heart disease, it is very important to be very careful in cold weather. For those who have coronary artery disease, cold weather can precipitate chest pain and possibly increase the risk for a heart attack. Cold weather can lead to hypothermia (or low body temperature) which can be fatal for those with heart failure. It is recommended to avoid sudden exertion so that the heart is not s
Aortic stenosis: is simply narrowing of the aortic valve. The aortic valve separates the left ventricle (the part of the heart responsible for pumping blood to the body) and the aorta (the large artery that carries blood away from the heart to the body). The valve opens and closes allowing blood through. This valve is made of three leaflets. When this valve narrows, it becomes thick and stiff. Thi
A heart attack (or myocardial infarction) occurs when the heart muscle is damaged due to a severe lack of blood supply through a coronary artery. This usually occurs due to atherosclerosis, but can also be due to a spasm of the coronary artery. If the heart muscle goes without blood supply for even more than just a few minutes some of the heart muscles cells will endure permanent injury (American
Atherosclerosis: Is a build-up of plaque within an artery. This can be from fatty substances, cholesterol, or even calcium. If the plaque grows, it can possibly block blood flow through an artery. When a plaque breaks off this causes a blood clot to form. This causes further blockage of an artery. Conditions that cause lead to atherosclerosis include high cholesterol, high triglycerides, high bloo
Acute Coronary Syndrome, also known as ACS, is a term used to describe a sudden, onset of chest pain, due to a lack of blood flow depriving the heart muscle of oxygen. ACS can describe the feeling during a heart attack or the type of chest pain you may experience while at rest or with light to moderate physical activity.
It is important to recognize the symptoms of ACS right away and seek medical
Congestive Heart Failure is a condition in which the heart pumping function fails to keep up with the body’s requirements. The heart is working, but it is working less efficiently. As a result the blood in the body backs up causing congestion within the body’s tissues. This can be seen as edema (or swelling) in the legs and ankles. This can occur in other places as well, such as the lungs. Sym
Sleep apnea is a serious disorder in which breathing starts and stops repeatedly. There are three types of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and complex sleep apnea (American Heart Association, 2009).
(American Heart Association, 2009).
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the throat muscles relax causing the airway to be blocked.
Central sleep apnea occurs when the brai